Bill Chapman, senior pastor of Myrtle House Elim Church in Llanelli, which has since removed the crisis pregnancy centreâs Google Maps listing, said it had been closed for a decade.
“The centreâs core aim was to support women and their partners with the challenges associated with unplanned pregnancy â helping them to weigh up all the options and make an informed decision, while supporting them at all stages of the process, regardless of the outcome,â he said.
A centre in Loughborough also founded by Elim, a national network of Pentecostal churches, is still active. Olivia Amartey, Elimâs executive director, said the service was âsmall and low-keyâ, did not describe itself as anÂ abortionÂ clinic on its website, and saw between three and six clients each year on average.
âIt is not the centreâs policy to persuade anyone to keep an unwanted baby, but simply to provide a listening service and support for those who are in crisis, struggling, or need a safe place to talk.
âIn the case of an unplanned pregnancy the centreâs clear policy is to always offer a non-directive listening and support service, enabling clients to make their own informed choice after having taken the time to explore the options available,â she said.
Emily Loen, director of campaigns at theÂ AbortionÂ Access Hackathon, which uses technology to helpÂ abortionÂ providers and pro-choice organisations, said search engines were behaving in a ânegligentâ way.
âThey need to have teams to work on this specific issue, because it really is affecting peopleâs health across the country,â she said.
âThey have a responsibility to have a neutral website that isnât easily manipulated – it doesnât bode well for their service if people can just manipulate the results.â
Accidentally attending one of the clinics, which are often staffed by volunteers with minimal qualifications, can leave women feeling confused, traumatised and guilty, as well as delaying their access to qualified medical care, campaigners said.
In one instance a centre Options For Pregnancy tried to book a Telegraph reporter who called to ask whether they offeredÂ abortion, into a âconsultationâ at Alpha Pregnancy Center, claiming that it was best to visit a âclinicâ before âgoing ahead with a very expensiveÂ abortionâ.
Upon attending the clinic, the reporter would get a free pregnancy test and ultrasound âto hear the babyâs heartbeatâ.
Â AbortionsÂ cost between $500 and $1000, although some are covered by medical insurance.
The employee said getting a free ultrasound and pregnancy test would drive down costs if a woman did eventually decided to terminate a pregnancy.
Several US states require a woman to undergo an ultrasound before they can have anÂ abortion, though California is not one of them.
They sent messages to the reporter two days later to follow up on the appointment, asking “how you are doing lately in the pregnancy?”
Almost all legitimate clinics cover pregnancy tests and ultrasounds in the total cost and would not accept a test that was taken by another clinic.
A number of the websites for the fake clinics include pictures of families and women with babies and in one example the clinic had laid out childrenâs toys in the waiting room.
A Google spokesman said: “We work hard to surface business results that are relevant, accurate, and help users find what they’re looking for.
“If someone believes a business on Google is misrepresenting itself or its services, they can report the listing for correction or removal. We address issues flagged for us as quickly as possible.”
Pro-life groups defended the centres. A spokeswoman for the UK-based society for the protection of unborn children said: âWomen facing crisis pregnancies are typically in a state of panic and may make all sorts of searches when trying to think what to do.
“AbortionÂ is a path that many women feel is their only option and it can only be right that they learn that alternatives are available – society is doing a grave disservice to women otherwise. If crisis pregnancy clinics are offering help and more choice when women are consideringÂ abortion, it is difficult to understand why those who call themselves pro-choice would object to it.”
Nola Leach, chief executive of Christian Action Research and Education, said the centres do “invaluable work” and “help to counter the narrative that when faced with a crisis pregnancyabortion is the only option”.
“Clearly, crisis pregnancy centres have a duty not to exert unfair pressure on women and advice given should always be accurate and sensitive,” she added.
âThe centres list all the options available to women so that the women themselves can make up their own minds about what to do next. They also have great links to other support services if the woman decides she would like to keep the baby or place it for adoption.” Â